Data

The data game The European Job aims to help you discover in which European country your professional skills are more valued. From a wide range of statistical data (see below for details) a series of questions have been developed. Each question gives each country a “score”. The questions concern, for example, your employment situation, your level of education, current or desired job sector, average annual earning, annual holidays, personal satisfaction and so on.
The result is then processed through a weighted sum of the scores obtained for each response. The “winner” nation will be the one that corresponds to your actual or aspired employment.
There are 21 nations that were taken into consideration (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and UK).
The main sources from which the datasets were extrapolated are the databases of Eurostat and OECD for the years 2013 and 2014.

EMPLOYMENT RATE

The employment rate is the percentage of employed persons in relation to the comparable total population. For the overall employment rate, the comparison is made with the population of working-age; but employment rates can also be calculated for a particular age group and/or gender in a specific geographical area.
Source: EUROSTAT - Employment rates by sex, age and nationality (%)

EMPLOYEES

In the context of the Labour force survey, an employed person is a person aged 15 and over who during the reference week performed work - even if just for one hour a week - for pay, profit or family gain.
Alternatively, the person was not at work, but had a job or business from which he or she was temporarily absent due to illness, holiday, industrial dispute or education and training.
Source: EUROSTAT - Employees by sex, age and economic activity (from 2008 onwards, NACE Rev. 2)

SELF-EMPLOYED

A self-employed person is the sole or joint owner of the unincorporated enterprise (one that has not been incorporated i.e. formed into a legal corporation) in which he/she works, unless they are also in paid employment which is their main activity (in that case, they are considered to be employees).
Self-employed people also include:
• unpaid family workers;
• outworkers (who work outside the usual workplace, such as at home);
• workers engaged in production done entirely for their own final use or own capital formation, either individually or collectively.
Source: EUROSTAT - Self-employment by sex, age and economic activity (from 2008 onwards, NACE Rev. 2)

TEMPORARY EMPLOYEES

Temporary employment includes work under a fixed-term contract, as against permanent work where there is no end-date. A job may be considered temporary employment (and its holder a temporary employee) if both employer and employee agree that its end is decided by objective rules (usually written down in a work contract of limited life). These rules can be a specific date, the end of a task, or the return of another employee who has been temporarily replaced.
Typical cases are:
• people in seasonal employment;
• people engaged first by an agency or employment exchange and then hired to a third party to do a specific task (unless there is a written work contract of unlimited life);
• people with specific training contracts.
Source: EUROSTAT - Temporary employees by sex, age and economic activity (from 2008 onwards, NACE Rev. 2)

UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

An unemployed person is defined by Eurostat, according to the guidelines of the International Labour Organization, as:
• someone aged 15 to 74 (in Italy, Spain, the United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway: 16 to 74 years);
• without work during the reference week;
• available to start work within the next two weeks (or has already found a job to start within the next three months);
• actively having sought employment at some time during the last four weeks.
The unemployment rate is the number of people unemployed as a percentage of the labour force.
Source: EUROSTAT - Unemployment rates by sex, age and highest level of education attained (%)

JOB VACANCIES RATE

A job vacancy is a post, either newly created, unoccupied or about to become vacant, which the employer:
• actively seeks to fill with a suitable candidate from outside the enterprise (including any further necessary steps);
• immediately or in the near future.
The job vacancy rate, abbreviated as JVR, measures the percentage of vacant posts, as defined above, compared with the total number of occupied and unoccupied posts; it is calculated as follows:
JVR = [number of job vacancies / (number of occupied posts + number of job vacancies)] * 100
Source: EUROSTAT - Job vacancy statistics by occupation and NUTS 2 regions - annual data, NACE Rev. 2 (from 2008 onwards); EUROSTAT - Job vacancy statistics - quarterly data (from 2001 onwards), NACE Rev. 2

ANNUAL EARNINGS

Earnings are the wage or salary paid to an employee. There are two main types:
• Gross earnings are paid in cash directly to an employee before any deductions for income tax and social security contributions paid by the employee. All bonuses, whether or not regularly paid, are included (13th or 14th month, holiday bonuses, profit-sharing, allowances for leave not taken, occasional commissions, etc.).
• Net earnings represent the part of remuneration that employees can actually spend and are calculated by deducting social security contributions and income taxes payable by employees from gross earnings and by adding family allowances if there are children in the family.
Source: EUROSTAT - Mean annual earnings by sex, age and occupation; OECD - Topic: Jobs, Indicator: Personal Earnings

ANNUAL HOLIDAYS or ANNUAL LEAVE

The amount of hours or days employees of an organization is permitted to be away from their employment position within a year's time without consequences. This time off is paid by the company and employees are allowed to request the time for any reasons they wish to be off of work.
Source: EUROSTAT - Mean annual holidays by sex, age and occupation

JOB SECURITY

Job security is the probability that an individual will keep his or her job; a job with a high level of job security is such that a person with the job would have a small chance of becoming unemployed. It is calculated as the number of people who were unemployed, for example, in 2012, but were employed in 2011 over the total number of employed in 2011.
Source: OECD - Topic: Jobs, Indicator: Job Security

WORK-LIFE BALANCE

The work-life balance indicator compares “how much you work” with “how much you play” through the relationship between other two indicators: Employees working very long hours (that measures the proportion of dependent employed whose usual hours of work per week are 50 hours or more) and Time devoted to leisure and personal care (measures the amount of minutes - or hours - per day that, on average, full-time employed people spend on leisure and on personal care activities).
Source: OECD - Topic: Work-life balance

LIFE SATISFACTION

This indicator considers people's evaluation of their life as a whole. It captures a reflective assessment of which life circumstances and conditions are important for subjective well-being. It is a weighted-sum of different response categories based on people's rates of their current life relative to the best and worst possible lives for them on a scale from 0 to 10, using the Cantril Ladder (known also as the "Self-Anchoring Striving Scale").
Source: OECD - Topic: Life satisfaction